There are different types of hair loss and baldness. All of them fall under the scientific term for excessive hair loss, which is “Alopecia.”
Listed below are the most dominant types of alopecia:
1. Androgenetic Alopecia or Male Pattern Baldness
Androgenetic alopecia is the main cause of hair loss in males, and it has much to do with genetics and DHT . This type of hair loss typically begins on the forehead area and gradually affects the entire top of the head. Most men with androgenetic alopecia end up with a wreath of hair around their head.
2. Female Pattern Baldness
This type of hair loss usually happens when a woman is past her menopausal stage. The difference between male and female pattern baldness is that the hair loss happens all over the scalp for women, with patches of bald spots in various places instead of starting at the forehead.
3. Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss which is also a kind of autoimmune disorder. It is triggered by a virus. The white blood cells end up attacking the hair follicles, leading to an increase in hair fall and a decrease in hair growth. There are two types of Alopecia Areata, one is the “Alopecia Totalis,” wherein you will lose all of the hair on your scalp, and the second is the “Alopecia Universalis,” where you will lose not just your scalp hair but your body hair as well.
Androgenetic Alopecia or Male Pattern Baldness
4. Scarring Alopecia
When the scalp has experienced some sort of trauma , such as a burn, an injury, or a bacterial or fungal infection, the hair follicles will get damaged resulting in the formation of a scar. Hair will not grow back in these scars without surgical treatment.
5. Telogen Effluvium
The last phase in the life cycle of a hair strand is “Telogen”, which is also referred to as the resting phase . What happens is that the hair will fall out of the follicle and the development of a new hair will take its place. Telogen effluvium is when the hair fall happens exceedingly such that the formation of new hair cannot keep up with it.
There are two varieties of telogen effluvium, the first of which is acute telogen effluvium, which lasts for a period of about 6 months . The second is chronic telogen effluvium, which remains for years. There are times when telogen effluvium will disappear without treatment, but it sometimes takes the medication called “minoxidil” to enable the formation of new hair to keep up.
6. Hair Shaft Defect
This is one of the less common types of hair loss . It is a genetic disorder wherein a person is born with very few, frail hair due to an illness that harms the hair shaft . There are three main types of Hair Shaft Defect. These are the pili torti, monilethrix, and the trichothiodystrophy.
Trichotillomania is more of a psychological than a physiological disorder, wherein the person impetuously pulls at his or her hair, whether it is from the scalp or the face (eyebrows, eyelashes, and so on). It is believed to be triggered by instability in the serotonin and dopamine levels in the brain. Individuals with trichotillomania usually do this when they are under a lot of stress or when they are bored. An even more severe case is when they would eat the hair as well, which is the psychological disorder called trichophagia.
If you are not sure of what type of hair loss you are experiencing , then it is best to consult your doctor. It is even more imperative to seek medical attention if you experience one or more of the following symptoms: sudden and severe hair loss, your hair falls out in clusters, you experience scalp inflammation and irritation, or if you have tried medication but are still experiencing hair loss.
Click here for our recommended natural hair loss treatment.
Hair loss – American Academy of Dermatology
Hair loss – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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